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The traditional round barrow experienced a brief resurgence following the Anglo-Saxon conquests, with the introduction of northern Germanic burial practices from continental Europe.
These later barrows were often built near older Bronze Age barrows. Barrow burial fell out of use during the 7th century as a result of the spread of Christianity.
In Ukraine and Russia, there are royal kurgans of Varangian chieftains, such as the Black Grave in Ukrainian Chernihiv (excavated in the 19th century), Oleg's Grave in Russian Staraya Ladoga, and vast, intricate Rurik's Hill near Russian Novgorod.
Other important kurgans are found in Ukraine and South Russia and are associated with much more ancient steppe peoples, notably the Scythians (e.g., Chortomlyk, Pazyryk) and early Indo-Europeans (e.g., Ipatovo kurgan) The steppe cultures found in Ukraine and South Russia naturally continue into Central Asia, in particular Kazakhstan.
A cairn, which is a mound of stones built for various purposes, may also originally have been a tumulus.
Tumuli are often categorised according to their external apparent shape.
The internal structure and architecture of both long and round barrows has a broad range, the categorization only refers to the external apparent shape.
The word tumulus is Latin for 'mound' or 'small hill', which is derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *teuh The funeral of Patroclus is described in book 23 of the Iliad.
A tumulus (plural tumuli) is a mound of earth and stones raised over a grave or graves.
Tumuli are also known as barrows, burial mounds or kurgans, and may be found throughout much of the world.
The barrow was designed to have a large number of private niches within the stone and earth structure to receive cremation urns.
The structure received significant media attention, with national press writing extensively about the revival of the structures, and various episodes of filming, for example by BBC Countryfile as it was being built. The word kurgan is of Turkic origin, derives from Proto-Turkic *Kur- ("to erect (a building), to establish").